Find Your Hair’s Porosity, Density, Curl Pattern & Texture (Text + Video)


To get your hair naked, first strip it of all silicons. You must use a sulfate shampoo to do so (you don’t have to continue to use 1 after that).

Follow shampoo with a deep condition (you can use your regular conditioner).

Wash conditioner out, but leave some in.

That’s it. You may lightly oil your ends/hairline/nape if you like; keyword lightly, and opt for a light oil. Coconut oil is fine. She butter/castor oil may weigh down naked hair.


Testing Porosity

Porosity ( I have a whole post on this located in the “Tips” tab.
To determine your hair’s porosity, fill a glass 3/4 full with room temperature water, pluck a naked strand of hair from your head, place in glass, and leave it. Wait approximately 10-20 mins and observe what the strand of hair is doing.
-If it’s floating, you have low porosity hair (your hair does not absorb things easily). Mine. Highly recommended cut out use of silicons that only add an extra barrier to strands
-if strand is floating in the middle of the glass of water, then you have normal porosity hair. Best type.
-if your hair sinks to/near bottom of glass, you have high porosity hair. You hair absorbs things really easily, and may be prone to fast chemical damage, etc, because your strand cuticles are open and more vulnerable than the others


Testing hair density

This is fairly simple, as it relies on observation.

The density of your hair is basically how much hair you have on your head (fullness)

-If when you put your hair in a ponytail, you can hardly see your scalp/ you’ve always been told you have enough hair for 2 ppl, then chances are your hair is high density (mine).

-if you can see a little scalp when your hair is on a ponytail, then you have normal density hair.

-if you have naturally thin/ see through hair, then your hair is low density


Testing Texture: (fine, medium coarse, coarse)

Take a piece of thread; the regular sewing thread, not the arts and crafts threads that are a little thicker. Compare that one piece of thread to 1 strand of your hair.

-if the thread is thicker than your hair strand, you have fine hair. (Me)
-if your hair strand is the same thickness as the thread, you have medium coarse hair
-if your hair strand is thicker than the thread, your texture is coarse.


Testing Curl Pattern (3A 3B 3C 4A 4B 4C)

Type 1, bone straight hair, and type 2, loose wavy not included below.

Type 3=Curly                           Type 4=Coily

3A-Curly Twirly                 4A-Coily Springy

3B-Curly  Spirally            4B- Coily Crimply

3C- Curly Coily                   4C- Coily Ziggly

I am going to post pictures of type 3A- 4C hair, but before I do that, I will explain the simple difference with type 3 and type 4 hair to eliminate confusion.

1) Type 3 hair absorbs water easier than type 4 hair regardless of porosity. I can always tell wen someone’s hair type is different from mine, by the way it reacts to just water. Water droplets tend to visibly sit on top of type 4 hair longer.

2) Type 3 hair strands are usually fine, even if hair is extremely thick and dense.

3) Type 3 hair instantly starts to define itself when water touches it. Mainly because it naturally clumps. Styling products just help with moisture, sculpting, and holding the curl. Type 4 hair takes a bit more effort and technique to define and clump. A lot of type 4’s do braid outs and twist-outs as protective styles, so that their hair clumps. Hair clumping is good because it prevents excessive breakage since strands bind themselves together, eliminating single strand knots.

4) Type 4 hair shrinks more than type 3 hair. For example, a person with looser curls may have shoulder length hair in its natural state, and when they straighten it, it only extends a few inches. However Type 4 hair experiences a lot of shrinkage, hence the reason for always trying to ‘stretch’ their hair, with braid outs, and twists outs, etc. When hair like that is straightened, it could seem like a dramatic difference in length.

Most people have a mixture of textures (realistically 1  pattern up or down), but I like to keep it simple, and label my pattern the texture which dominates my hair (3C). I have 3B curls in the front, but overall, 3C.

Below are pictures of type 3 A-4C hair. Remember, just use it as a guide, because no two hair textures are identically alike. Instead of just going by the pics to figure out your hair type, focus on the descriptions.


Type 3 A


Curly Twirly

Type 3a curls show a definite loopy “S” pattern. -Curls are well-defined and springy.

-Big, loose, sidewalk-chalk size curls

-Shiny/ feathery

-Well defined. Looks like it may have been set with medium sized rollers, and slightly teased

-Frizzes easily

Too much product easily weighs this hair type down. Oil is too heavy. Opt for sealing with hair serum.


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Type 3B


Curly Spirally

-Well-defined, springy, copious curls that range from bouncy ringlets to corkscrews.

-Spirally. Circumference are sharpie size.

Texture that starts off the ‘coarser texture’ types.

Too much product will weigh hair down. Opt for light water based products and creams. Control frizz and seal with serums. Oil may be too heavy; r opt for light ones like olive oil, grapes-eed, and jojoba oil.


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Type 3C

Note: My pictures here actually show people with a mixture of type 3C and 3b hair, but as I’ve said, I make things simple by classifying hair types based on the texture that dominates one’s hair.

3C kel

Curly Coily

-Type 3c hair has voluminous, tight curls in corkscrews

-Approximately the circumference of a pencil or straw.

-Curls densely packed together, but strands are fine.

-Getting this type of hair to blow dry straight is more challenging than for 3a or 3b, since it’s kinkier.

Pick below = me 🙂




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Type 4A (the most misinterpreted hair-type)







Coily Springy

Leaving type 3 hair, we go from curls, and enter into coils!

A lot of people confuse their 4 A hair, as being 3C, but as I said, type 3 hair absorbs water easily, and is more separated.

Type 4 A hair tends to loosen its curl when wet, but the curls remain clustered,instead of separating and only gets more clustered as it dries.

Type 4a has a definite curl pattern compared to other type 4s. It is tightly coiled hair that has an “S” pattern.  The circumference of the spirals is close to that of a crochet needle. The hair can be wiry or fine-textured.

It is very fragile, and snaps easily. Type 4 hair has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types, which means it has less natural protection from damage.

Water based leave ins, butters and oils are fine on this hair type. Hair serum may be too light.


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Type 4B

Coily Crimpy


4B2Tighter Coils, more puffier look, and less natural curl definition.

-Forms an afro easily

-Water sits on top of the hair shaft when sprinkled

-Type 4b has a “Z” pattern, less of a defined curl pattern. Instead of curling or coiling, the hair bends in sharp angles like the letter “Z”.

-Type 4 hair has a cotton-like feel. The hair is very wiry, very tightly coiled or bent and very, very fragile; you must take great care when working with it.

-Type 4 hair can range from fine/thin to wiry/coarse with lots and lots of strands densely packed together. Type 4b hair often shrinks up to 75% of the actual hair length.
– This hair needs oil and heavy butters, and doesn’t need hair serum, as hair serum will do absolutely nothing for it, because it does not frizz easily
-Braid-outs, blow-outs, twist-outs, and protective hairstyling works wonders on this hair, and holds the style better than any other hair texture.


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Type 4C

Curly Ziggly 


One of the tightest textures

-Water sits on top of the hair, and has to be massaged in to absorb.
-more difficult to detangle than other textures. (Can take hours)

-Heavily depends on styling products

-Type 4c hair is composed of curl patterns that will almost never clump without doing a specific hair style.

-It can range from fine/thin/super soft to wiry/coarse with lots of densely packed strands.

-4c hair has been described as a more “challenging” version of 4b hair. Some say 4c looks identical to 4b except that the curls are so tightly kinked, there is seemingly no definition.

-4c hair can shrink more than 75%.




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